max between 40 – 50 yds, I have pins for these distances but of course there are conditions at the time you are about to shoot that would play a big role in deciding how far you can make a well place shot. Only shot if you are sure you can make a kill shot and not just hope you’ll make it.
As equipment has progressed and the advent of range finders, my range has extended. I have shot 3 does at 50 yards. Two years ago I shot a 130″ 9pt at exactly 45 yards. However, 10 years ago I would not have taken these shots. I probably could have made the shot but would not have trusted my range estimation. Range finders have really helped me in that regard. Also, I don’t really mind if my 40 and 50 yard pins are 1″ to 1 1/2″ low. This help me (in my mind anyway) in case a deer ducks. Works for me.
With my old bow I limited myself to 25 yds, with the XT I should be able to do 35 without a problem, in normal conditions. Perfect conditions I’d stretch it another 5-10 yds, but not on small does. In tough conditions, not great angles, etc., I’d go back to 25 yds max.
Deer can move a LOT while the arrow is in the air, so anything over 20 yds the deer must be unaware and calm for me.